For centuries, the fleece of goats Uralic (called down) was considered a raw material for the manufacture of clothing comparable to cashmere. Today, use them in their collections of such fashion houses as Chanel and Prada. Puch of goats Uralic 1916-1918 microns thick and is thinner than the mohair from angora goats (22-24 microns). Openwork scarf-style spider web weighs about 200 g and can drag it through a wedding ring.
Puch of goats Uralic is combing (not cut) once a year, in February and March, and then added to the spinning of silk thread with a thin (mostly derived from nearby Uzbekistan), resulting in a fiber, a warm, soft and flexible . Natural colors are gray and ivory, but there are also fibers dyed other colors.
Handmade openwork scarf is from 180 to 250 hours, depending on the size, but the finished product is unique both in terms of luxury quality and unique designs , Uralic wymyślanych by women.
|traditional Orenburg shawl in the shape of a square|
|Orenburg Shawl Rectangular|
Making to knit beautiful scarves from goats down Ural began in Russia in the seventeenth century by the wives of the Cossacks, who were stationed in the Urals in the late fifteenth century. So when in 1735 originated in this region, Orenburg city, develop the scales there was no novelty.
Shawls Orenburg became popular in Russia since 1770 years by dealing with the history of this country Alionie Denisjejewnej Rychkowej. On a trip to the Urals zauroczyły her local products, and after returning to St. Petersburg took up their promotion in the circles of the Russian aristocracy. In the next century, Orenburg shawls conquered Europe, gaining popularity in France, especially after the International Exhibition in Paris in 1857. The French even tried to breed sheep Uralic at home, but too mild climatic conditions significantly affected the poorer quality of down.
At the beginning of the twentieth century Orenburg shawls production was in its golden age. During this period, 12,000 women per year wyrabiało about 35 thousand scarves, not keeping pace with the demand of Russia and Europe. After the October Revolution was created in Orenburg Kombinat production, which cared about working conditions and quality of manufactured products. A few years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, in 1995 the Combine was closed and production moved to the scales mainly to small towns in Orenburg.